The pressure on land and natural resources is increasing worldwide. While there are many sectoral policies tackling different environmental problems, land use is not regulated in an integrated and overarching way. The discussion on sustainable biofuels and biomass highlights the continued lack of an effective and innovative framework to deal with complex land use issues.
The aim of the GLOBALANDS project was to identify promising existing land use policies and to develop possible governance tools towards a more resource efficient and sustainable global land use.
In a first step, the project team assessed past and current land use patterns by sector for all countries in order to identify the driving forces and trends behind major historical changes in global land use.
In parallel, an international governance screening was undertaken to gain an overview of global and multilateral (including EU) policies and their relevance for sustainable land use, including those policies that do not have land use as an explicit objective but are still relevant regarding their impact. Within the international governance screening, both governmental and non-governmental approaches were taken into account.
Based on this analysis and through a close interaction with relevant scientific partners and international institutions, the project team developed conceptual and strategic suggestions for potential approaches towards a global sustainable land use standard, as well as regulation tools and other instruments, and the role Germany can play within this process. These approaches were discussed in workshops with selected German, European and international stakeholders, and respective research partners.
The project was funded by the Federal Environment Agency (UBA) and the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU). It ran from November 2011 until April 2015.